Today is a day of celebration for the people of Mozambique, as it commemorates the country’s independence from Portugal on 25 June 1975. It is also a national holiday in Mozambique.
Mozambique was one of Portugal’s colonies for more than 200 years, starting when Portugal established Mozambique in the 19th century.
After World War II, nationalism was on the rise in Africa. Mozambique was also one of the states calling for independence. However, Portugal violently suppressed the protesters. As a result, The Mozambique Liberation Front, or FRELIMO, was born. The war against the colonial power lasted over 12 years before it ended after negotiations. The independence of Mozambique was officially declared in 1975. It is the 50th African country to leave the western colonies.